Moisturizers – Understanding the Different Types, Lotions to Ointment

A Guide to Understanding Moisturizers
Last Updated January 26, 2023

Skincare can be a complex topic. In order to create an effective skincare routine that addresses your specific skin concerns or type, it's important to understand the different products and how they work. 

Moisturizers are an essential part of any skincare routine, as they help to hydrate and nourish the skin. They are typically applied after cleansing and after using serums, and are used to seal in the benefits of the serums and provide hydration to the skin.

Moisturizers come in different consistencies and textures such as lotions, creams, and ointments, and are formulated for different skin types. 

What's the Difference Between Moisturizers and Serums?

 The difference between moisturizers and serums is that in general, serums target specific skin concerns, while moisturizers hydrate and protect the skin. 

  • Serums typically have a higher concentration of active ingredients than moisturizers to target specific skin care concerns. Serums are lightweight and easily absorbed by the skin.
  • Moisturizers are applied after serums to seal in the benefits of serums, and provide a protective barrier to the skin. They hold in moisture and protect from environmental stressors. Moisturizers can contain some active ingredients but these will be at a lower concentration than serums.

What are the Benefits of using Moisturizers?

Moisturizers are an essential part of any skincare routine, as they help to hydrate and nourish the skin. Some benefits of using moisturizers include

  • Hydration: Moisturizers help to keep the skin hydrated by forming a barrier on the skin that locks in moisture and prevents it from evaporating.
  • Improving the skin barrier: Moisturizers can help to repair and strengthen the skin barrier, which helps to protect the skin from environmental stressors and keep it healthy.
  • Reducing dryness and flakiness: Moisturizers can help to reduce dryness and flakiness by providing the skin with the hydration it needs to stay soft and smooth.
  • Reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles: Moisturizers can help to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles by plumping up the skin and smoothing out the surface.
  • Calming irritated skin: Moisturizers can help to soothe and calm irritated skin by providing it with the hydration and nourishment it needs.

How to Choose the Right Moisturizer

Choosing the right moisturizer is important to ensure that your skin is getting the hydration and nourishment it needs. Here are some tips to help you choose the right moisturizer:

Identify your skin type

It's important to know your skin type (oily, dry, sensitive, combination etc..) so that you can choose a moisturizer that is formulated to meet the specific needs of your skin.

look at the ingredients

Look at the ingredients of the moisturizer and avoid ingredients that may cause irritation or dryness. Some ingredients to look for include hyaluronic acid, glycerin, ceramides, and niacinamide for hydration.

consider the SPF

If you're looking for a moisturizer that includes sun protection, make sure it has at least SPF 15 and provides broad-spectrum protection against both UVA and UVB rays. **

Pay attention to the consistency

Different skin types require different consistencies, for example, if you have oily skin, you may want to choose a lightweight lotion, while if you have dry skin you may want to choose a rich cream.

test before you commit

Do a patch test before incorporating a new product into your skincare routine, especially if you have sensitive skin.

By following these tips, you can choose the right moisturizer that will help to keep your skin hydrated, healthy, and protected. It's also a good idea to consult a skincare professional or a dermatologist for personalized advice, especially if you have a pre-existing skin condition or are taking any medications.


** I always choose to use a moisturizer with this added protection as it means one less step in my morning routine and peace of mind knowing my skin is shielded from harmful UV rays.

Moisturizer Lotion, Ointment, Cream or Serum - What are Their Differences

The purpose of this section is to provide an overview of your product. This could be an outline of chapters in your ebook, lessons in your course, modules in your coaching program etc. The reader should come away from this with a very clear idea of what they will get for their money.



Lotion

A moisturizer lotion is a lightweight, liquid-based moisturizer that is easily absorbed by the skin. It typically contains water as the main ingredient and is ideal for oily or combination skin types.

Ointment

A moisturizer ointment is a thicker, more dense moisturizer that is typically oil-based. It is best for dry or extremely dry skin types as it provides a heavy and long-lasting hydration.

Cream

A moisturizer cream is a thicker, semi-solid moisturizer that sits between lotion and ointment in terms of consistency. It is typically formulated with a mix of oil and water, and is suitable for most skin types. It provides a good balance of hydration and absorption.

Serum

A moisturizer serum is lightweight and easily absorbed by the skin. It is designed to hydrate and nourish the skin, but it often contains other active ingredients to target specific skin concerns. Moisturizer serums are typically more concentrated than traditional moisturizers. They can be formulated with a variety of ingredients such as hyaluronic acid, glycerin, and antioxidants to help provide hydration and improve the overall appearance of the skin.

The Pricing of Moisturizers

So now we know that moisturizers can come as a lotion, ointment, cream, or in serum form. Its price is influenced by a variety of factors such as the brand, the ingredients used, the packaging, and the marketing and advertising costs.

Including additional ingredients and high-quality ingredients can drive up the price of a moisturizer. However, it's not only the ingredients but also the brand, packaging, and marketing that can affect the price. 

Research, development, and clinical testing costs also play a role in determining the price of a product. Also, some moisturizers are targeted to specific skin concerns which may push the price higher as a result.

Which Ingredients Should You Look For in a Moisturizer?

When choosing a moisturizer, it's important to pay attention to the ingredients it contains, as different ingredients can provide different benefits for the skin. Here are some key ingredients to look for in a moisturizer and the skin concerns they can help to address:

When looking for a basic moisturizer, ingredients to look for include:

  • Glycerin or hyaluronic acid: These ingredients help to hydrate the skin by drawing in moisture from the air.
  • Ceramides: These lipids help to strengthen the skin barrier and keep the skin hydrated.
  • Dimethicone or other emollients: These ingredients help to smooth and soften the skin.
  • Sunscreen: To protect the skin from UV rays.

It's also important to consider your specific skin concerns, such as oily or dry skin, when choosing a moisturizer. Some moisturizers are formulated specifically for oily or dry skin, while others are designed for sensitive or mature skin.

What about other ingredients? 

Additional ingredients that can be found in moisturizers include:

Niacinamide: This ingredient is a form of vitamin B3 that can help to brighten the skin, reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and improve the skin's barrier function.

Peptides: Peptides are chains of amino acids that can help to boost collagen production, which can help to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Vitamin E : This ingredient is an antioxidant that can help to protect the skin from environmental stressors and reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Retinol: this ingredient is a form of Vitamin A that can help to reduce the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and age spots.

Overall, these they may be more effective when used in a targeted and concentrated form, such as in a separate serum or lotion.

However, including them in a moisturizer can also provide additional benefits and make your skincare routine more convenient. It's best to consult with a dermatologist to determine the best approach for your skin.

Understanding Moisturizers - A Guide

The Correct Way to Apply Moisturizer

Different types of skincare products have different functions and are used at different steps in a skincare routine. It's important to use each in the correct order.

Both serums and moisturizers are important to include in your skincare routine, as they work together to provide different benefits for the skin.

Moisturizers are typically applied after serums and are used to seal in the benefits of the serums and provide hydration to the skin. They can also provide a protective barrier to the skin to hold moisture, and to protect the skin from environmental stressors.

Steps for Incorporating Moisturizer into your Daily Skin Care Routine

Using moisturizer properly is important to ensure that your skin is getting the hydration and nourishment it needs. Here are some steps for using moisturizer correctly:

Step 1.

Cleanse Your Skin

Start by cleansing your skin to remove dirt, oil, and makeup.

Step 2.

Apply Your Serums

After cleansing, apply any serums you are using, such as Vitamin C serum or Retinol serum.

Step 3.

Apply Moisturizer

After applying your serums, take a small amount of moisturizer and apply it to your face and neck, gently massaging it into your skin.

Step 4.

Pay Attention to the Timing 

It's important to apply moisturizer when your skin is still slightly damp, as this will help to seal in the moisture and provide maximum hydration.

Step 5.

Use It Daily 

Use your moisturizer daily, both morning and night as part of your skin care routine. 

Step 6.

Don't forget the Sunscreen 

If you're using a moisturizer that doesn't contain SPF, make sure to apply a sunscreen during the day to protect your skin from the sun's harmful UV rays.

By following these tips, you can ensure that you're using your moisturizer correctly and that your skin is getting the hydration and nourishment it needs to stay healthy and radiant. Remember that it's important to use a moisturizer that is suitable for your skin type and, in case of any doubts, consulting a skincare professional or a dermatologist for personalized advice is always a good idea.

A guide to moisturizer

In Conclusion

Moisturizers are an essential part of any skincare routine, as they help to hydrate and nourish the skin. They come in different consistencies and textures such as lotions, creams, and ointments, and are formulated for different skin types. 

Choosing the right moisturizer is important to ensure that your skin is getting the hydration and nourishment it needs. When choosing a moisturizer, it's important to pay attention to the ingredients it contains, as different ingredients can provide different benefits for the skin.

A good moisturizer should hydrate and nourish the skin, as well as provide a protective barrier to hold moisture, and protect the skin from environmental stressors. It's important to use a moisturizer that is suitable for your skin type and include it in your daily skincare routine, morning and night.

Remember that everyone's skin is different and it's a good idea to patch test before incorporating new products into your routine, and consult a skincare professional for personalized advice. With the right moisturizer, you can keep your skin hydrated, healthy, and radiant.

About the Author

Sharon McKenzie

Sharon McKenzie is a 57-year-old woman who exudes the radiance of someone much younger. She has only recently discovered the benefits of thermal fillers and micro-needling for her skin and the results have been astounding. Despite dealing with chronic illness for nearly 20 years and facing additional skin issues in recent years, Sharon has managed to maintain a youthful glow. Her Celtic heritage may have presented challenges in the past, but she has found ways to take care of her skin and it shows.

Sharon McKenzie
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